Journal of Academic Research and Trends in Educational Sciences 2023-03-18T12:52:40+00:00 General Editor Open Journal Systems <p><strong>The</strong> <strong>Journal of Academic Research and Trends in Educational Sciences</strong> (<strong>JARTES</strong>) is a peer-reviewed scholarly online journal.</p> <p><br />There is no publication fee in the JARTES for international researchers. The JARTES is an international journal and welcomes any research papers on education and science using techniques from and applications in any technical knowledge domain: original theoretical works, literature reviews, research reports, social issues, psychological issues, curricula, learning environments, book reviews, and review articles. The articles should be original, unpublished, and not in consideration for publication elsewhere at the time of submission to the JARTES.</p> <p><br />Please consider that editor and reviewers invest significant time in the submission. Thus, the submission cannot be withdrawn without the approval of the editorial office during the review, the revision, the production after acceptance, or the publication process.</p> <p><br />The submission is first reviewed by the editorial team. This initial review is completed in one week. If the submission passes the initial review, then the blind review takes about two weeks. The template is not mandatory for articles submitted for review. The template can be used for accepted papers.</p> MONOCHORIAL MULTIPLE PREGNANCY WITH ANTENATAL DEATH OF ONE FETUS (REVIEW ARTICLE) 2023-02-23T16:29:36+00:00 Aziza Erkhanova Rustam Yusupbayev <p>Over the past decades, due to the widespread use of assisted reproductive technologies, the frequency of multiple pregnancies in the population has doubled, reaching an average of 2%.</p> <p>According to the literature, in multiple pregnancies, the incidence of selective fetal growth retardation syndrome and impaired fetal-placental hemodynamics is significantly higher than in singleton pregnancy.&nbsp; Thus, the frequency of birth of fetuses weighing less than 2,500 grams is 6.52% and 92% for singleton, double and three-proton pregnancies, respectively.&nbsp;</p> <p>An integrated approach within one institution to the diagnosis, perinatal observation, accompaniment and delivery of patients whose multiple pregnancies have been complicated by the antenatal death of one fetus can improve the perinatal outcomes of the surviving fetus.</p> 2023-02-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Aziza Erkhanova, Rustam Yusupbayev THE USE OF THE PRINCIPLES AND METHODS OF MATHEMATICAL MODELING IN SOLVING PHYSICAL PROBLEMS IN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITIES 2023-02-02T16:08:10+00:00 Umarova Gulchehra Abitovna <p>This article discusses the issues of studying the principles and methods of mathematical modeling in teaching physics in technical universities. The problems and methods for the implementation of professionally oriented training in physics for students of technical specialties using mathematical modeling are outlined.</p> 2023-02-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Umarova Gulchehra Abitovna USE OF PHRASES AND PROVERBS IN ARTISTIC WORKS 2023-02-04T11:54:09+00:00 Jonbutayeva Zumradxon Abdujabborovna <p>Today, proverbs, as one of the active and important sources of presentation of national culture, are becoming the most necessary subjects in the process of linguistic-cultural research in linguistics. And they have been the main object of many studies. This article provides information on the use of expressions and proverbs in works of art.</p> 2023-02-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jonbutayeva Zumradxon Abdujabborovna WAYS TO DEVELOP QUICKNESS AND AGILITY PHYSICAL QUALITIES OF STUDENTS IN HANDBALL SPORTS AGED 14-18 2023-02-04T12:02:49+00:00 Tojiboyev Aziz <p>Organization and holding of sports clubs and competitions for the training of young handball players in secondary schools.</p> 2023-02-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Tojiboyev Aziz IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF TOURISM MARKET DEVELOPMENT 2023-02-09T12:44:27+00:00 Ruxsora Raimbayeva <p>This article highlights the important aspects of tourism market development.</p> 2023-02-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ruxsora Raimbayeva ROLE OF AMNIOCENTESIS IN THE PREVENTION OF CHROMOSOMAL GENE DISEASES 2023-02-13T18:44:24+00:00 N.T. Yodgorova B.A. Ibodov A.Kh. Tashpolatov J.E. Uzokov R.N. Abdunabiyev <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 9.0pt;">The purpose of the study: to determine the most effective type of tests used to identify a fetus with chromosomal abnormalities in the womb. Materials and methods of research: the results of examination of 45 patients who passed amniocentesis to the private clinical laboratory "Genotechnology" in Tashkent were studied. Information about the method (FISH) was collected from the multidisciplinary clinic of the Tashkent Medical Academy. Analysis and discussion of the results: 10 out of 45 mothers (16-21 weeks of pregnancy, mean age 35.3 years) gave birth to a child with Edwards syndrome, although 10 mothers (22,0%) had a negative blood test. 20 mothers (45,0%) who tested blod 3 times were not provided with complete information each time The remaining 15 mothers (33,0%) had an incorrect abortion, that is, an abortion was performed, although the fetus was healthy, or positive information was given about child’s health, but he was born with Down syndrome. Later, these pregnancies resorted to the method of amniocentesis. According to the results of amniocentesis, 3 pregnant women were diagnosed with Down syndrome, 2 pregnant women with Edwards syndrome, and 1 pregnant woman with Shershevsky-Turner syndrome. The life of the child (87,0%) was left to the discretion of the family to have a medical abortion or not. Conclusion: Amniocentesis is fundamentally different from the maternal blood test with the efficiency of 99.0%. Erroneous medical abortion is not allowed.</span></p> 2023-02-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 N.T. Yodgorova, B.A. Ibodov, A.Kh. Tashpolatov, J.E. Uzokov, R.N. Abdunabiyev THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MICROORGANISMS IN ONCOLOGICAL DISEASES OF THE ORAL CAVITY AND SENSITIVITY TO ANTIBIOTICS 2023-02-13T18:56:22+00:00 N.T. Yodgorova Z.Sh. Bektemirova B.R. Ibrohimov <p>Purpose of the study: Assessment of oral microbiota in oncological diseases of the oral cavity. Materials and methods: 20 patients with cancer in the oral cavity were selected from the surgical department No. 6 of the Republican Oncology Center: reconstructive, plastic surgery, head and neck tumors and onco-ophthalmology department.&nbsp; Their saliva was examined in the Bacteriological Laboratory of the TTA multidisciplinary clinic, and blood agar, VSA, endo, and Saburo media were used in the examination of patients.&nbsp; Antibiotic sensitivity was checked by disk diffusion method.&nbsp; Analysis and discussion of results.&nbsp; 75% of patients are men, 25% are women.&nbsp; In 15 patients, 10 men and 5 women, bacteria close to the normal microflora of the oral cavity, and pathogenic bacteria in 5 men were detected.&nbsp; Conclusion: Oral microbiota composition and functionality are now considered to be associated with mutational changes in oral cancer. During the examination of patients with oncological diseases in the oral cavity, the bacteria detected in them are similar to normal bacteria, but they cannot be called completely normal(Staf. аureus 25%).&nbsp; The reason for this is explained by the fact that patients receive light therapy and take various powerful drugs.&nbsp; Such factors affect the normal microflora.</p> 2023-02-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 N.T. Yodgorova, Z.Sh. Bektemirova, B.R. Ibrohimov THE EDUCATIONAL VALUE OF IMAM MOTURIDI'S TEACHINGS FOR THE YOUNG GENERATION 2023-02-13T19:07:16+00:00 Muxammadsodiq Lapasov <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Moturidi was considered the most mature scholar in the field of Islamic sciences of his time, recognized by the scholars of the Muslim world, and is still mentioned with respect in various religious works.</span></p> 2023-02-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Muxammadsodiq Lapasov MANAGEMENT OF PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH IN WOMEN WITH UTERINE MYOMA 2023-02-17T12:35:30+00:00 Fotima Atakhodjaeva Gulnoza Soxibova Ulugbek Ergashev <p>Myoma is a benign tumor of muscle tissue, which is one of the most common tumors of the female genital area. This disease is diagnosed in 20-27% of women of fertile age. In recent decades, uterine fibroids by the time of the realization of the reproductive function are noted in an increasing number of cases, since, due to social motives, women postpone the birth of children to a later period of reproductive age.&nbsp; In this regard, it is quite logical that they increasingly often have questions about the possibility of becoming pregnant in the presence of uterine fibroids or after its removal, about its effect on the course of pregnancy and childbirth.</p> 2023-02-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fotima Atakhodjaeva , Gulnoza Soxibova , Ulugbek Ergashev RESULTS OF MONITORING OF POLLUTION OF WATER BODIES 2023-02-18T11:07:31+00:00 G.F. Sherkozieva Z.Z. Egamberdieva M.N. Bakhriddinova <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">The article deals with the issues of sanitary control of water quality of reservoirs in dynamics and scientific justification of measures to protect water bodies from pollution.</span></p> 2023-02-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 G.F. Sherkozieva, Z.Z. Egamberdieva, M.N. Bakhriddinova PRACTICAL BASICS OF STUDYING THE COMPARISON OF PUNS, SLANG, IDIOMS AND SARCASM IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES 2023-02-01T18:04:11+00:00 Begmatov Ulugbek Ibodullayevich Khoshimkhojayeva Mohiruh Muzaffarovna <p>This article examines the differences between puns, slang, idioms, and sarcasm in English and Uzbek. Using qualitative research methods, the author analyzes the complexities of the two languages and the ways in which they impact communication. The results of the study show the need for further research in this area and suggest potential solutions to the challenges of communication between English and Uzbek speakers.</p> 2023-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Begmatov Ulugbek Ibodullayevich, Khoshimkhojayeva Mohiruh Muzaffarovna CULTURAL AND HUMANITARIAN RELATIONS BETWEEN UZBEKISTAN AND FRANCE: A NEW STAGE OF CENTURY-OLD UZBEK-FRENCH COOPERATION 2023-02-25T17:25:13+00:00 Dilmurod Dilmurodov Javokhir Imamov <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">France, being one of the main actors in the international arena, has a significant impact on the solution of many pressing problems in the world. France can rightfully be considered the center and main driving force of the European Union. France for many centuries continues to be at the epicenter of world culture, art, philosophy and science.</span></p> 2023-02-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dilmurod Dilmurodov, Javokhir Imamov ALGERIAN LITERATURE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY AND THE ROLE OF TAHIR WATTOR IN IT 2023-03-09T06:36:00+00:00 Shaxzoda Sabriddinova D. Muxiddinova <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article analyzes the uniqueness of the work of the writer Tahir Vattor, who made a great contribution to the development of novelism in Algerian literature in the second half of the 20th century.</span></p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Shaxzoda Sabriddinova, D. Muxiddinova EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF SCLEROTHERAPY IN VENOUS PATHOLOGY 2023-03-09T06:45:50+00:00 Adhamjon Zohirov Muhammadayubxon Anvarjonov Sarvar Abdukarimov Shohabbos Rahmonov <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">To improve the quality of life of patients with dilated veins, suspected varicose veins and patients with comorbidities who do not have indications for a high level of invasiveness, to study the degree of change in working capacity and provide information about it.</span></p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Adhamjon Zohirov, Muhammadayubxon Anvarjonov, Sarvar Abdukarimov, Shohabbos Rahmonov THE ROLE OF THE COACHING APPROACH IN TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE 2023-03-09T14:04:50+00:00 Nigora Djampulatova <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">The article provides information about the origin of the coaching phenomenon and the methodology of its work. It also talks about why and who needs coaching, how it helps the student and his result. The article briefly discusses the effective and efficient role of coaching in teaching foreign languages.</span></p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Nigora Djampulatova THE USE OF INNOVATIVE METHODS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WOMEN'S WRESTLING 2023-03-11T18:11:17+00:00 Azamat Primbetov <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article analyzes the work carried out on the development of women's sports and develops scientifically sound proposals and recommendations for the use of innovative methods.</span></p> 2023-03-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Azamat Primbetov ENHANCING CHARACTERISTICS OF A CERAMIC PRODUCT FROM LOCAL RAW MATERIALS PRODUCED ON THE BASIS OF A LARGE SOLAR DEVICE IN A NON-CONVENTIONAL MODE 2023-03-15T10:16:05+00:00 A.I. Mustafoev M.O. Mustafoeva B.G. Kodirov F. Rakhmanova <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article provides information on the properties of a ceramic plate made from local raw materials processed in a solar device. It is noted that it is possible to optimize the production process of imported ceramics based on local raw materials. It has been shown that by partially modifying the composition of naturally occurring serpentine, it is possible to obtain high temperature resistant materials that can be used instead of imported silicon carbide. Technical and economic indicators of the organization of production of products based on serpentine melted in a large solar furnace are based.</span></p> 2023-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 A.I. Mustafoev, M.O. Mustafoeva, B.G. Kodirov, F. Rakhmanova STUDYING THE EFFICACY OF MODERN SCLEROTHERAPY IN VASCULAR SURGERY 2023-03-16T12:49:39+00:00 Ulugbek Ergashev Adhamjon Zohirov <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">To improve the quality of life of patients with dilated veins, suspected varicose veins and patients with comorbidities who do not have indications for a high level of invasiveness, study the degree of change in performance and provide information about it.</span></p> 2023-03-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ulugbek Ergashev, Adhamjon Zohirov COURSE AND PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT OF ACUTE APPENDICITIS IN PREGNANCY 2023-03-16T12:57:23+00:00 Ulugbek Ergashev Adhamjon Zohirov <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article describes the clinical methods of treatment of acute appendicitis during pregnancy. In addition, information about how surgical procedures are performed in different stages of pregnancy is given. The following stages of development of pregnant women and the fetus after surgery were discussed.</span></p> 2023-03-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ulugbek Ergashev, Adhamjon Zohirov THE METHOD OF IMPROVING THE MORAL AND MORAL EDUCATION OF STUDENTS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ETIQUETTE LESSONS 2023-03-18T12:52:40+00:00 A.X. Najmiddinov S.S. Hasanova <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article provides detailed information about the examples given in the hadiths of elementary school students in speaking, dealing with people around them, understanding the role of a friend, and the methodology of using them in elementary school etiquette lessons. importance is focused.</span></p> 2023-03-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 A.X. Najmiddinov, S.S. Hasanova STUDYING THE SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF ABU RAYHAN BERUNI 2023-01-18T09:05:06+00:00 Sh.D. Karimboyev, Sh.A. Abdurashitova, М.M. Miyassarova, N.B.Nazarova, G.B.Mamedova <p>This article discusses the scientific research of the great scholar of the East, Abu Rayhan Beruni, his work at the Ma'mun Academy, his works, and his great contribution to the world of science.</p> 2023-01-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sh.D. Karimboyev, Sh.A. Abdurashitova, М.M. Miyassarova, N.B.Nazarova, G.B.Mamedova A FANTASTIC DEPICTION OF THE UNDERWATER WORLD IN ALISHER NAVOI'S "SADDI ISKANDARI" POEM 2023-01-05T23:28:27+00:00 Saparova Zebiniso Davlatovna <p>In this article, the epic of Alisher Navoi’s "Saddi Iskandary" explores the true nature of discoveries in the underwater world, fantastic images and strange events associated with the character of the main character Alexander, the role of mystical and fantastic motifs in the epic. Also in the article "Iskander's mirror", "jam", "floating city on the water", "Yajuzh mazhuz", "underwater device", "Iskander's wall", "cannibalistic creatures", "mysterious numbers" and "celestial bodies" are analyzed in an epic, etc.</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Saparova Zebiniso Davlatovna WRITTEN SPEECH LITERACY IN TEACHING THE SUBJECT OF THE MOTHER TONGUE (UZBEK LANGUAGE) 2023-01-07T12:20:48+00:00 Lolayeva Ozoda <p>This article presents views on the teaching of the subject in the lessons of the native language in secondary schools, also examines the requirements imposed on the teacher to improve the spelling literacy of students within the subject and draws conclusions about the role of spelling dictionaries in their solution by the example of spelling rules developed within the сyrillic and latin alphabet, and the textbook of the native language 8th grade.</p> 2023-01-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Lolayeva Ozoda THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SCIENCE OF "TECHNICAL MECHANICS" IN THE TRAINING OF ENGINEERING PERSONNEL IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 2023-01-07T12:31:04+00:00 Bekiyev Murat Otabekovich Ismoilov Raxmatjon Ilxom ugli <p>The article describes the role of "Technical Mechanics" science in the training of engineers in higher educational institutions, the goals and tasks of the science, the importance of knowledge and skills that should be formed in students as a result of studying this science. In order to teach the subject more deeply and fully, small recommendations are given that the subject should be included in the program.</p> 2023-01-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Bekiyev Murat Otabekovich, Ismoilov Raxmatjon Ilxom ugli ABSOLUTE LUMINOSITY DETECTOR: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS 2023-01-08T17:12:17+00:00 Sh.S. Urinov <p>The work proposed a detector to measure the luminosity at the points of convergence of beams at the collider NICA (Nuclotron-based Ion Collider fAcility). Based on scintillation counters, the proposed detector is compact and can be used independently and as part of the base detectors NICA. The estimates of the counting rate show that for pp and AuAu the number of valuable counts per minute exceeds 10<sup>4</sup>.</p> 2023-01-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sh.S. Urinov TO INTRODUCE STUDENTS TO WOOD AND ITS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY 2023-01-12T05:15:10+00:00 Xamidov Xayrulla Qudratovich <p>In this qualification work, the issue of teaching wood and its processing technology to students, orienting them to the profession by teaching them to perform laboratory work, and the formation of moral and educational qualities, is studied. and theoretical information in this context is included. One-hour lesson development, demonstration and didactic materials are attached to the qualification work. In the t5-year perspective plan after the advanced training course, the scope, subject and content of the activities carried out after the course, as well as the deadlines for their implementation, are determined.</p> 2023-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Xamidov Xayrulla Qudratovich AGROPHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SOIL 2023-01-12T05:25:45+00:00 S.X. Zokirova X. Parpiyeva R. Yakubova <p>Agrophysical factors and soil structure are the most important conditions for its fertility. They do not provide plants with any of the elements of fertility necessary for their growth, but they can change the development of plants.</p> 2023-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 S.X. Zokirova, X. Parpiyeva, R. Yakubova TEACHER'S SPEECH CULTURE 2023-01-12T05:35:24+00:00 Sattorova Sevinch <p>In this article, the primary education teacher's thoughts on the culture of speech, his speech during class, the laws and regulations that he must teach to students, the requirements for the teacher's speech, the opinions of our scholars on speech and language, speech etiquette in the hadiths thoughts about are covered.</p> 2023-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sattorova Sevinch VOCABULARY AND PHRASEOLOGICAL WORK AND ITS ROLE IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS 2023-01-14T06:35:23+00:00 Irbutayeva Nigora Dilshodovna Viloyatova Madina Klichevna Irbutayeva Parvina Holmirzaevna <p>This article talks about the role of vocabulary work in literature lessons, and the development of students' speech culture. About the borrowing of words from the Russian language by the Uzbek people, about the phraseological stock of words. How vocabulary work becomes a means of education and patriotism.</p> 2023-01-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Irbutayeva Nigora Dilshodovna, Viloyatova Madina Klichevna, Irbutayeva Parvina Holmirzaevna PIRAFILACTIC MEASURES AGAINST MICROORGANISMS IN CARIES AND ORAL MICROFLORA 2023-01-16T11:33:37+00:00 Akromova Madinabonu Akmal qizi <p>It is important to take good care of teeth and gums because:</p> <ul> <li>Teeth must be healthy to chew and digest food.</li> <li>Taking good care of your teeth can prevent painful tooth decay and gum disease.</li> <li>Diseased and rotten teeth due to improper cleaning cause serious infections that have a negative effect on other organs of the body.</li> </ul> 2023-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Akromova Madinabonu Akmal qizi THEORETICAL STUDY OF THE PHENOMENON OF TAXONOMY IN LINGUISTICS 2022-12-19T16:50:19+00:00 Dilfuza Yusupova J.Sh. Djumaboyeva <p>To study and analyze different types of data and information expressed in English and Uzbek through taxonomy, based on regional culture, their differences and similarities, as well as their contradictions focused.</p> 2023-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dilfuza Yusupova, J.Sh. Djumaboyeva CONTROL OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL DISCRETE OBJECTS BY A TERMINAL MANAGEMENT 2023-01-18T09:15:27+00:00 Atajonova Saidakhon Borataliyevna <p>The article deals with the synthesis of the terminal control algorithm, focused on the synthesis of control actions modulated in amplitude and allowing to transfer, the control object to a given steady state and providing a stable and stable location of the object in the vicinity.</p> 2023-01-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Atajonova Saidakhon Borataliyevna TECHNOLOGY OF TEACHING THE TOPIC OF SOLAR ACTIVITY TO STUDENTS OF GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS 2023-01-18T09:32:04+00:00 S.G. Haitova, H.F. Nasimov, A.M. Bozorova, G.I. Sayfullayeva <p>A person faces a lot of problems during his life. Among these, we want to mention the negative effects of solar activity on human activity. The Sun consists of a large volume of highly ionized gas (plasma), the temperature of which is 6000 K on its surface, and 15·106 K in its center. As a result, an explosion occurs in the sun. The period of explosions on the Sun is called its period of activity. During this period, a larger flow of particles from the sun than usual goes out into space, as a result of which various events occur.</p> 2023-01-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 S.G. Haitova, H.F. Nasimov, A.M. Bozorova, G.I. Sayfullayeva USE OF MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS 2023-01-18T09:41:03+00:00 Urolov Shukhratbek Akhror ugli Obidov Shaxrom Bahrom ugli <p>The article presents an analysis of the problem of using information technologies in the field of education: the concept, purpose, types and forms, directions and prospects for use. The structure of the modern educational digital environment is given. The possibilities of information educational technologies in the design and implementation of the educational process, the features of implementation at the present stage of education development and in response to the actual challenges of the time are determined. The educational and upbringing potential of information technologies is revealed. The article is addressed to teachers of higher educational institutions, teachers of the system of additional education, graduate students, undergraduates, students of pedagogical universities, and other workers in the field of education.</p> 2023-01-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Shuhratbek O'rolov Ahror ugli, Obidov Shaxrom Bahrom ugli PEDAGOGICAL DISCOURSE IN THE TEXTBOOKS OF FIRST GRADERS OF NATIONAL SCHOOLS OF UZBEKISTAN 2023-01-18T14:10:27+00:00 Raimova Zulfiya Almirzayevna <p>Particular importance is being paid to the development of schoolchildren's speech. Reading small passages, expressive reading, mastering the content, storytelling and written work types: dictation, narrative and essay are used to develop student's oral and written speech in mother tongue classes. In the article, in order to determine the literacy of students in schools, the test dictation, test report and test essay, together with various exercises conducted in the course of the lesson to develop oral and written speech, mature thinking, educational dictations, as well as special lessons - educational statement and essay lessons, are discussed.</p> 2023-01-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Raimova Zulfiya Almirzayevna SOURCES RELATED TO THE HISTORIOGRAPHY OF MEDIEVAL MOVAROUNNAHR 2023-01-20T10:08:59+00:00 Mavlonov Asliddin Shuxratovich <p>In this article, sources related to the history of medieval Movarounnahr, their characteristics and analysis are described. It also talks about the trade and cultural relations of Movarounnahr with different countries in the middle ages. The description of our country is also mentioned in the works of tourist scholars.</p> 2023-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mavlonov Asliddin Shuxratovich ETHNO-CULTURAL INFLUENCE AND CONNECTION OF PEOPLES ON THE GREAT SILK ROAD 2023-01-24T19:18:26+00:00 Irbutayeva Nigora Dilshodovna Turakulov Elbek Murodullayevich Irbutayeva Parvina Holmirzaevna <p>In this article we are talking about the fact that Central Asia, Iraq, Turkey and the countries of the Arab Caliphate were the Great Silk Road. Examples are given from the works of Rudakiy, Firdavsiy, Khayyam, Beruniy and Avicenna, as well as from the works of Alisher Navoi and Jalil. The history of the development of ethnocultural ties has proved the value of interaction with the outside world.</p> 2023-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Irbutayeva Nigora Dilshodovna, Turakulov Elbek Murodullayevich, Irbutayeva Parvina Holmirzaevna IMPROVEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES OF LOW-OCTANE GASOLINE 2023-01-25T13:05:18+00:00 S.F. Kasimov N.A. Egamkulova J.U. Turakulov <p>In this work given methods are introduced to improve the environmental and operational properties of low-octane gasoline. The work uses a complex of modern and classical research methods that allow determining the physicochemical properties and group hydrocarbon composition of the object of study – low–octane local industrial gasoline, as well as its sample with improved performance characteristics with the introduction of selected promising oxygenates. The research was also carried out with the involvement of methods for the study of petroleum products in accordance with accepted state standards.</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 S.F. Kasimov, N.A. Egamkulova, J.U. Turakulov TYPES AND MAIN FORMS OF TOURISM 2023-01-29T19:55:46+00:00 Maxkambayeva Shaxrizoda Xusan qizi Binoqulova Dilnora Sirojiddin qizi <p>This article describes the increasingly developing field of tourism and its main directions, forms and types. Transport services were also mentioned, as they are at the level of demand of tourism zones.</p> 2023-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Maxkambayeva Shaxrizoda Xusan qizi, Binoqulova Dilnora Sirojiddin qizi