Journal of Academic Research and Trends in Educational Sciences <p><strong>The</strong> <strong>Journal of Academic Research and Trends in Educational Sciences</strong> (<strong>JARTES</strong>) is a peer-reviewed scholarly online journal.</p> <p><br />There is no publication fee in the JARTES for international researchers. The JARTES is an international journal and welcomes any research papers on education and science using techniques from and applications in any technical knowledge domain: original theoretical works, literature reviews, research reports, social issues, psychological issues, curricula, learning environments, book reviews, and review articles. The articles should be original, unpublished, and not in consideration for publication elsewhere at the time of submission to the JARTES.</p> <p><br />Please consider that editor and reviewers invest significant time in the submission. Thus, the submission cannot be withdrawn without the approval of the editorial office during the review, the revision, the production after acceptance, or the publication process.</p> <p><br />The submission is first reviewed by the editorial team. This initial review is completed in one week. If the submission passes the initial review, then the blind review takes about two weeks. The template is not mandatory for articles submitted for review. The template can be used for accepted papers.</p> XALQARO TADQIQOT LLC en-US Journal of Academic Research and Trends in Educational Sciences 2181-2675 <p>All Rights Reserved.</p> MONOCHORIAL MULTIPLE PREGNANCY WITH ANTENATAL DEATH OF ONE FETUS (REVIEW ARTICLE) <p>Over the past decades, due to the widespread use of assisted reproductive technologies, the frequency of multiple pregnancies in the population has doubled, reaching an average of 2%.</p> <p>According to the literature, in multiple pregnancies, the incidence of selective fetal growth retardation syndrome and impaired fetal-placental hemodynamics is significantly higher than in singleton pregnancy.&nbsp; Thus, the frequency of birth of fetuses weighing less than 2,500 grams is 6.52% and 92% for singleton, double and three-proton pregnancies, respectively.&nbsp;</p> <p>An integrated approach within one institution to the diagnosis, perinatal observation, accompaniment and delivery of patients whose multiple pregnancies have been complicated by the antenatal death of one fetus can improve the perinatal outcomes of the surviving fetus.</p> Aziza Erkhanova Rustam Yusupbayev Copyright (c) 2023 Aziza Erkhanova, Rustam Yusupbayev 2023-02-23 2023-02-23 2 1 165 173 THE USE OF THE PRINCIPLES AND METHODS OF MATHEMATICAL MODELING IN SOLVING PHYSICAL PROBLEMS IN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITIES <p>This article discusses the issues of studying the principles and methods of mathematical modeling in teaching physics in technical universities. The problems and methods for the implementation of professionally oriented training in physics for students of technical specialties using mathematical modeling are outlined.</p> Umarova Gulchehra Abitovna Copyright (c) 2023 Umarova Gulchehra Abitovna 2023-02-02 2023-02-02 2 1 112 119 USE OF PHRASES AND PROVERBS IN ARTISTIC WORKS <p>Today, proverbs, as one of the active and important sources of presentation of national culture, are becoming the most necessary subjects in the process of linguistic-cultural research in linguistics. And they have been the main object of many studies. This article provides information on the use of expressions and proverbs in works of art.</p> Jonbutayeva Zumradxon Abdujabborovna Copyright (c) 2023 Jonbutayeva Zumradxon Abdujabborovna 2023-02-04 2023-02-04 2 1 120 124 WAYS TO DEVELOP QUICKNESS AND AGILITY PHYSICAL QUALITIES OF STUDENTS IN HANDBALL SPORTS AGED 14-18 <p>Organization and holding of sports clubs and competitions for the training of young handball players in secondary schools.</p> Tojiboyev Aziz Copyright (c) 2023 Tojiboyev Aziz 2023-02-04 2023-02-04 2 1 125 129 IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF TOURISM MARKET DEVELOPMENT <p>This article highlights the important aspects of tourism market development.</p> Ruxsora Raimbayeva Copyright (c) 2023 Ruxsora Raimbayeva 2023-02-09 2023-02-09 2 1 130 133 ROLE OF AMNIOCENTESIS IN THE PREVENTION OF CHROMOSOMAL GENE DISEASES <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 9.0pt;">The purpose of the study: to determine the most effective type of tests used to identify a fetus with chromosomal abnormalities in the womb. Materials and methods of research: the results of examination of 45 patients who passed amniocentesis to the private clinical laboratory "Genotechnology" in Tashkent were studied. Information about the method (FISH) was collected from the multidisciplinary clinic of the Tashkent Medical Academy. Analysis and discussion of the results: 10 out of 45 mothers (16-21 weeks of pregnancy, mean age 35.3 years) gave birth to a child with Edwards syndrome, although 10 mothers (22,0%) had a negative blood test. 20 mothers (45,0%) who tested blod 3 times were not provided with complete information each time The remaining 15 mothers (33,0%) had an incorrect abortion, that is, an abortion was performed, although the fetus was healthy, or positive information was given about child’s health, but he was born with Down syndrome. Later, these pregnancies resorted to the method of amniocentesis. According to the results of amniocentesis, 3 pregnant women were diagnosed with Down syndrome, 2 pregnant women with Edwards syndrome, and 1 pregnant woman with Shershevsky-Turner syndrome. The life of the child (87,0%) was left to the discretion of the family to have a medical abortion or not. Conclusion: Amniocentesis is fundamentally different from the maternal blood test with the efficiency of 99.0%. Erroneous medical abortion is not allowed.</span></p> N.T. Yodgorova B.A. Ibodov A.Kh. Tashpolatov J.E. Uzokov R.N. Abdunabiyev Copyright (c) 2023 N.T. Yodgorova, B.A. Ibodov, A.Kh. Tashpolatov, J.E. Uzokov, R.N. Abdunabiyev 2023-02-13 2023-02-13 2 1 134 140 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MICROORGANISMS IN ONCOLOGICAL DISEASES OF THE ORAL CAVITY AND SENSITIVITY TO ANTIBIOTICS <p>Purpose of the study: Assessment of oral microbiota in oncological diseases of the oral cavity. Materials and methods: 20 patients with cancer in the oral cavity were selected from the surgical department No. 6 of the Republican Oncology Center: reconstructive, plastic surgery, head and neck tumors and onco-ophthalmology department.&nbsp; Their saliva was examined in the Bacteriological Laboratory of the TTA multidisciplinary clinic, and blood agar, VSA, endo, and Saburo media were used in the examination of patients.&nbsp; Antibiotic sensitivity was checked by disk diffusion method.&nbsp; Analysis and discussion of results.&nbsp; 75% of patients are men, 25% are women.&nbsp; In 15 patients, 10 men and 5 women, bacteria close to the normal microflora of the oral cavity, and pathogenic bacteria in 5 men were detected.&nbsp; Conclusion: Oral microbiota composition and functionality are now considered to be associated with mutational changes in oral cancer. During the examination of patients with oncological diseases in the oral cavity, the bacteria detected in them are similar to normal bacteria, but they cannot be called completely normal(Staf. аureus 25%).&nbsp; The reason for this is explained by the fact that patients receive light therapy and take various powerful drugs.&nbsp; Such factors affect the normal microflora.</p> N.T. Yodgorova Z.Sh. Bektemirova B.R. Ibrohimov Copyright (c) 2023 N.T. Yodgorova, Z.Sh. Bektemirova, B.R. Ibrohimov 2023-02-13 2023-02-13 2 1 141 147 THE EDUCATIONAL VALUE OF IMAM MOTURIDI'S TEACHINGS FOR THE YOUNG GENERATION <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Moturidi was considered the most mature scholar in the field of Islamic sciences of his time, recognized by the scholars of the Muslim world, and is still mentioned with respect in various religious works.</span></p> Muxammadsodiq Lapasov Copyright (c) 2023 Muxammadsodiq Lapasov 2023-02-13 2023-02-13 2 1 148 152 MANAGEMENT OF PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH IN WOMEN WITH UTERINE MYOMA <p>Myoma is a benign tumor of muscle tissue, which is one of the most common tumors of the female genital area. This disease is diagnosed in 20-27% of women of fertile age. In recent decades, uterine fibroids by the time of the realization of the reproductive function are noted in an increasing number of cases, since, due to social motives, women postpone the birth of children to a later period of reproductive age.&nbsp; In this regard, it is quite logical that they increasingly often have questions about the possibility of becoming pregnant in the presence of uterine fibroids or after its removal, about its effect on the course of pregnancy and childbirth.</p> Fotima Atakhodjaeva Gulnoza Soxibova Ulugbek Ergashev Copyright (c) 2023 Fotima Atakhodjaeva , Gulnoza Soxibova , Ulugbek Ergashev 2023-02-17 2023-02-17 2 1 153 159 RESULTS OF MONITORING OF POLLUTION OF WATER BODIES <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">The article deals with the issues of sanitary control of water quality of reservoirs in dynamics and scientific justification of measures to protect water bodies from pollution.</span></p> G.F. Sherkozieva Z.Z. Egamberdieva M.N. Bakhriddinova Copyright (c) 2023 G.F. Sherkozieva, Z.Z. Egamberdieva, M.N. Bakhriddinova 2023-02-18 2023-02-18 2 1 160 164 PRACTICAL BASICS OF STUDYING THE COMPARISON OF PUNS, SLANG, IDIOMS AND SARCASM IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES <p>This article examines the differences between puns, slang, idioms, and sarcasm in English and Uzbek. Using qualitative research methods, the author analyzes the complexities of the two languages and the ways in which they impact communication. The results of the study show the need for further research in this area and suggest potential solutions to the challenges of communication between English and Uzbek speakers.</p> Begmatov Ulugbek Ibodullayevich Khoshimkhojayeva Mohiruh Muzaffarovna Copyright (c) 2023 Begmatov Ulugbek Ibodullayevich, Khoshimkhojayeva Mohiruh Muzaffarovna 2023-02-01 2023-02-01 2 1 108 111 CULTURAL AND HUMANITARIAN RELATIONS BETWEEN UZBEKISTAN AND FRANCE: A NEW STAGE OF CENTURY-OLD UZBEK-FRENCH COOPERATION <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">France, being one of the main actors in the international arena, has a significant impact on the solution of many pressing problems in the world. France can rightfully be considered the center and main driving force of the European Union. France for many centuries continues to be at the epicenter of world culture, art, philosophy and science.</span></p> Dilmurod Dilmurodov Javokhir Imamov Copyright (c) 2023 Dilmurod Dilmurodov, Javokhir Imamov 2023-02-25 2023-02-25 2 1 174 178 ALGERIAN LITERATURE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY AND THE ROLE OF TAHIR WATTOR IN IT <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article analyzes the uniqueness of the work of the writer Tahir Vattor, who made a great contribution to the development of novelism in Algerian literature in the second half of the 20th century.</span></p> Shaxzoda Sabriddinova D. Muxiddinova Copyright (c) 2023 Shaxzoda Sabriddinova, D. Muxiddinova 2023-03-09 2023-03-09 2 1 179 184 EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF SCLEROTHERAPY IN VENOUS PATHOLOGY <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">To improve the quality of life of patients with dilated veins, suspected varicose veins and patients with comorbidities who do not have indications for a high level of invasiveness, to study the degree of change in working capacity and provide information about it.</span></p> Adhamjon Zohirov Muhammadayubxon Anvarjonov Sarvar Abdukarimov Shohabbos Rahmonov Copyright (c) 2023 Adhamjon Zohirov, Muhammadayubxon Anvarjonov, Sarvar Abdukarimov, Shohabbos Rahmonov 2023-03-09 2023-03-09 2 1 185 190 THE ROLE OF THE COACHING APPROACH IN TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">The article provides information about the origin of the coaching phenomenon and the methodology of its work. It also talks about why and who needs coaching, how it helps the student and his result. The article briefly discusses the effective and efficient role of coaching in teaching foreign languages.</span></p> Nigora Djampulatova Copyright (c) 2023 Nigora Djampulatova 2023-03-09 2023-03-09 2 1 191 195 THE USE OF INNOVATIVE METHODS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WOMEN'S WRESTLING <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article analyzes the work carried out on the development of women's sports and develops scientifically sound proposals and recommendations for the use of innovative methods.</span></p> Azamat Primbetov Copyright (c) 2023 Azamat Primbetov 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 2 1 196 201 ENHANCING CHARACTERISTICS OF A CERAMIC PRODUCT FROM LOCAL RAW MATERIALS PRODUCED ON THE BASIS OF A LARGE SOLAR DEVICE IN A NON-CONVENTIONAL MODE <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article provides information on the properties of a ceramic plate made from local raw materials processed in a solar device. It is noted that it is possible to optimize the production process of imported ceramics based on local raw materials. It has been shown that by partially modifying the composition of naturally occurring serpentine, it is possible to obtain high temperature resistant materials that can be used instead of imported silicon carbide. Technical and economic indicators of the organization of production of products based on serpentine melted in a large solar furnace are based.</span></p> A.I. Mustafoev M.O. Mustafoeva B.G. Kodirov F. Rakhmanova Copyright (c) 2023 A.I. Mustafoev, M.O. Mustafoeva, B.G. Kodirov, F. Rakhmanova 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 202 210 STUDYING THE EFFICACY OF MODERN SCLEROTHERAPY IN VASCULAR SURGERY <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">To improve the quality of life of patients with dilated veins, suspected varicose veins and patients with comorbidities who do not have indications for a high level of invasiveness, study the degree of change in performance and provide information about it.</span></p> Ulugbek Ergashev Adhamjon Zohirov Copyright (c) 2023 Ulugbek Ergashev, Adhamjon Zohirov 2023-03-16 2023-03-16 2 1 211 217 COURSE AND PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT OF ACUTE APPENDICITIS IN PREGNANCY <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article describes the clinical methods of treatment of acute appendicitis during pregnancy. In addition, information about how surgical procedures are performed in different stages of pregnancy is given. The following stages of development of pregnant women and the fetus after surgery were discussed.</span></p> Ulugbek Ergashev Adhamjon Zohirov Copyright (c) 2023 Ulugbek Ergashev, Adhamjon Zohirov 2023-03-16 2023-03-16 2 1 218 225 THE METHOD OF IMPROVING THE MORAL AND MORAL EDUCATION OF STUDENTS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ETIQUETTE LESSONS <p class="TableParagraph" style="text-align: justify; margin: .1pt 9.85pt .0001pt 26.75pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This article provides detailed information about the examples given in the hadiths of elementary school students in speaking, dealing with people around them, understanding the role of a friend, and the methodology of using them in elementary school etiquette lessons. importance is focused.</span></p> A.X. Najmiddinov S.S. Hasanova Copyright (c) 2023 A.X. Najmiddinov, S.S. Hasanova 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 2 1 226 231 STUDYING THE SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF ABU RAYHAN BERUNI <p>This article discusses the scientific research of the great scholar of the East, Abu Rayhan Beruni, his work at the Ma'mun Academy, his works, and his great contribution to the world of science.</p> Sh.D. Karimboyev, Sh.A. Abdurashitova, М.M. Miyassarova, N.B.Nazarova, G.B.Mamedova Copyright (c) 2023 Sh.D. Karimboyev, Sh.A. Abdurashitova, М.M. Miyassarova, N.B.Nazarova, G.B.Mamedova 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 2 1 52 55 A FANTASTIC DEPICTION OF THE UNDERWATER WORLD IN ALISHER NAVOI'S "SADDI ISKANDARI" POEM <p>In this article, the epic of Alisher Navoi’s "Saddi Iskandary" explores the true nature of discoveries in the underwater world, fantastic images and strange events associated with the character of the main character Alexander, the role of mystical and fantastic motifs in the epic. Also in the article "Iskander's mirror", "jam", "floating city on the water", "Yajuzh mazhuz", "underwater device", "Iskander's wall", "cannibalistic creatures", "mysterious numbers" and "celestial bodies" are analyzed in an epic, etc.</p> Saparova Zebiniso Davlatovna Copyright (c) 2023 Saparova Zebiniso Davlatovna 2023-01-05 2023-01-05 2 1 1 5 WRITTEN SPEECH LITERACY IN TEACHING THE SUBJECT OF THE MOTHER TONGUE (UZBEK LANGUAGE) <p>This article presents views on the teaching of the subject in the lessons of the native language in secondary schools, also examines the requirements imposed on the teacher to improve the spelling literacy of students within the subject and draws conclusions about the role of spelling dictionaries in their solution by the example of spelling rules developed within the сyrillic and latin alphabet, and the textbook of the native language 8th grade.</p> Lolayeva Ozoda Copyright (c) 2023 Lolayeva Ozoda 2023-01-07 2023-01-07 2 1 6 10 THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SCIENCE OF "TECHNICAL MECHANICS" IN THE TRAINING OF ENGINEERING PERSONNEL IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS <p>The article describes the role of "Technical Mechanics" science in the training of engineers in higher educational institutions, the goals and tasks of the science, the importance of knowledge and skills that should be formed in students as a result of studying this science. In order to teach the subject more deeply and fully, small recommendations are given that the subject should be included in the program.</p> Bekiyev Murat Otabekovich Ismoilov Raxmatjon Ilxom ugli Copyright (c) 2023 Bekiyev Murat Otabekovich, Ismoilov Raxmatjon Ilxom ugli 2023-01-07 2023-01-07 2 1 11 14 ABSOLUTE LUMINOSITY DETECTOR: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS <p>The work proposed a detector to measure the luminosity at the points of convergence of beams at the collider NICA (Nuclotron-based Ion Collider fAcility). Based on scintillation counters, the proposed detector is compact and can be used independently and as part of the base detectors NICA. The estimates of the counting rate show that for pp and AuAu the number of valuable counts per minute exceeds 10<sup>4</sup>.</p> Sh.S. Urinov Copyright (c) 2023 Sh.S. Urinov 2023-01-08 2023-01-08 2 1 15 20 TO INTRODUCE STUDENTS TO WOOD AND ITS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY <p>In this qualification work, the issue of teaching wood and its processing technology to students, orienting them to the profession by teaching them to perform laboratory work, and the formation of moral and educational qualities, is studied. and theoretical information in this context is included. One-hour lesson development, demonstration and didactic materials are attached to the qualification work. In the t5-year perspective plan after the advanced training course, the scope, subject and content of the activities carried out after the course, as well as the deadlines for their implementation, are determined.</p> Xamidov Xayrulla Qudratovich Copyright (c) 2023 Xamidov Xayrulla Qudratovich 2023-01-12 2023-01-12 2 1 21 34 AGROPHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SOIL <p>Agrophysical factors and soil structure are the most important conditions for its fertility. They do not provide plants with any of the elements of fertility necessary for their growth, but they can change the development of plants.</p> S.X. Zokirova X. Parpiyeva R. Yakubova Copyright (c) 2023 S.X. Zokirova, X. Parpiyeva, R. Yakubova 2023-01-12 2023-01-12 2 1 35 40 TEACHER'S SPEECH CULTURE <p>In this article, the primary education teacher's thoughts on the culture of speech, his speech during class, the laws and regulations that he must teach to students, the requirements for the teacher's speech, the opinions of our scholars on speech and language, speech etiquette in the hadiths thoughts about are covered.</p> Sattorova Sevinch Copyright (c) 2023 Sattorova Sevinch 2023-01-12 2023-01-12 2 1 41 44 VOCABULARY AND PHRASEOLOGICAL WORK AND ITS ROLE IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS <p>This article talks about the role of vocabulary work in literature lessons, and the development of students' speech culture. About the borrowing of words from the Russian language by the Uzbek people, about the phraseological stock of words. How vocabulary work becomes a means of education and patriotism.</p> Irbutayeva Nigora Dilshodovna Viloyatova Madina Klichevna Irbutayeva Parvina Holmirzaevna Copyright (c) 2023 Irbutayeva Nigora Dilshodovna, Viloyatova Madina Klichevna, Irbutayeva Parvina Holmirzaevna 2023-01-14 2023-01-14 2 1 45 47 PIRAFILACTIC MEASURES AGAINST MICROORGANISMS IN CARIES AND ORAL MICROFLORA <p>It is important to take good care of teeth and gums because:</p> <ul> <li>Teeth must be healthy to chew and digest food.</li> <li>Taking good care of your teeth can prevent painful tooth decay and gum disease.</li> <li>Diseased and rotten teeth due to improper cleaning cause serious infections that have a negative effect on other organs of the body.</li> </ul> Akromova Madinabonu Akmal qizi Copyright (c) 2023 Akromova Madinabonu Akmal qizi 2023-01-16 2023-01-16 2 1 48 51 THEORETICAL STUDY OF THE PHENOMENON OF TAXONOMY IN LINGUISTICS <p>To study and analyze different types of data and information expressed in English and Uzbek through taxonomy, based on regional culture, their differences and similarities, as well as their contradictions focused.</p> Dilfuza Yusupova J.Sh. Djumaboyeva Copyright (c) 2023 Dilfuza Yusupova, J.Sh. Djumaboyeva 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 2 1 82 86 CONTROL OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL DISCRETE OBJECTS BY A TERMINAL MANAGEMENT <p>The article deals with the synthesis of the terminal control algorithm, focused on the synthesis of control actions modulated in amplitude and allowing to transfer, the control object to a given steady state and providing a stable and stable location of the object in the vicinity.</p> Atajonova Saidakhon Borataliyevna Copyright (c) 2023 Atajonova Saidakhon Borataliyevna 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 2 1 56 61 TECHNOLOGY OF TEACHING THE TOPIC OF SOLAR ACTIVITY TO STUDENTS OF GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS <p>A person faces a lot of problems during his life. Among these, we want to mention the negative effects of solar activity on human activity. The Sun consists of a large volume of highly ionized gas (plasma), the temperature of which is 6000 K on its surface, and 15·106 K in its center. As a result, an explosion occurs in the sun. The period of explosions on the Sun is called its period of activity. During this period, a larger flow of particles from the sun than usual goes out into space, as a result of which various events occur.</p> S.G. Haitova, H.F. Nasimov, A.M. Bozorova, G.I. Sayfullayeva Copyright (c) 2023 S.G. Haitova, H.F. Nasimov, A.M. Bozorova, G.I. Sayfullayeva 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 2 1 62 67 USE OF MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS <p>The article presents an analysis of the problem of using information technologies in the field of education: the concept, purpose, types and forms, directions and prospects for use. The structure of the modern educational digital environment is given. The possibilities of information educational technologies in the design and implementation of the educational process, the features of implementation at the present stage of education development and in response to the actual challenges of the time are determined. The educational and upbringing potential of information technologies is revealed. The article is addressed to teachers of higher educational institutions, teachers of the system of additional education, graduate students, undergraduates, students of pedagogical universities, and other workers in the field of education.</p> Urolov Shukhratbek Akhror ugli Obidov Shaxrom Bahrom ugli Copyright (c) 2023 Shuhratbek O'rolov Ahror ugli, Obidov Shaxrom Bahrom ugli 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 2 1 68 71 PEDAGOGICAL DISCOURSE IN THE TEXTBOOKS OF FIRST GRADERS OF NATIONAL SCHOOLS OF UZBEKISTAN <p>Particular importance is being paid to the development of schoolchildren's speech. Reading small passages, expressive reading, mastering the content, storytelling and written work types: dictation, narrative and essay are used to develop student's oral and written speech in mother tongue classes. In the article, in order to determine the literacy of students in schools, the test dictation, test report and test essay, together with various exercises conducted in the course of the lesson to develop oral and written speech, mature thinking, educational dictations, as well as special lessons - educational statement and essay lessons, are discussed.</p> Raimova Zulfiya Almirzayevna Copyright (c) 2023 Raimova Zulfiya Almirzayevna 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 2 1 72 76 SOURCES RELATED TO THE HISTORIOGRAPHY OF MEDIEVAL MOVAROUNNAHR <p>In this article, sources related to the history of medieval Movarounnahr, their characteristics and analysis are described. It also talks about the trade and cultural relations of Movarounnahr with different countries in the middle ages. The description of our country is also mentioned in the works of tourist scholars.</p> Mavlonov Asliddin Shuxratovich Copyright (c) 2023 Mavlonov Asliddin Shuxratovich 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 2 1 77 81 ETHNO-CULTURAL INFLUENCE AND CONNECTION OF PEOPLES ON THE GREAT SILK ROAD <p>In this article we are talking about the fact that Central Asia, Iraq, Turkey and the countries of the Arab Caliphate were the Great Silk Road. Examples are given from the works of Rudakiy, Firdavsiy, Khayyam, Beruniy and Avicenna, as well as from the works of Alisher Navoi and Jalil. The history of the development of ethnocultural ties has proved the value of interaction with the outside world.</p> Irbutayeva Nigora Dilshodovna Turakulov Elbek Murodullayevich Irbutayeva Parvina Holmirzaevna Copyright (c) 2023 Irbutayeva Nigora Dilshodovna, Turakulov Elbek Murodullayevich, Irbutayeva Parvina Holmirzaevna 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 2 1 87 90 IMPROVEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES OF LOW-OCTANE GASOLINE <p>In this work given methods are introduced to improve the environmental and operational properties of low-octane gasoline. The work uses a complex of modern and classical research methods that allow determining the physicochemical properties and group hydrocarbon composition of the object of study – low–octane local industrial gasoline, as well as its sample with improved performance characteristics with the introduction of selected promising oxygenates. The research was also carried out with the involvement of methods for the study of petroleum products in accordance with accepted state standards.</p> S.F. Kasimov N.A. Egamkulova J.U. Turakulov Copyright (c) 2023 S.F. Kasimov, N.A. Egamkulova, J.U. Turakulov 2023-01-25 2023-01-25 2 1 91 94 TYPES AND MAIN FORMS OF TOURISM <p>This article describes the increasingly developing field of tourism and its main directions, forms and types. Transport services were also mentioned, as they are at the level of demand of tourism zones.</p> Maxkambayeva Shaxrizoda Xusan qizi Binoqulova Dilnora Sirojiddin qizi Copyright (c) 2023 Maxkambayeva Shaxrizoda Xusan qizi, Binoqulova Dilnora Sirojiddin qizi 2023-01-29 2023-01-29 2 1 95 107