Journal of Academic Research and Trends in Educational Sciences <p><strong>The</strong> <strong>Journal of Academic Research and Trends in Educational Sciences</strong> (<strong>JARTES</strong>) is a peer-reviewed scholarly online journal.</p> <p><br />There is no publication fee in the JARTES for international researchers. The JARTES is an international journal and welcomes any research papers on education and science using techniques from and applications in any technical knowledge domain: original theoretical works, literature reviews, research reports, social issues, psychological issues, curricula, learning environments, book reviews, and review articles. The articles should be original, unpublished, and not in consideration for publication elsewhere at the time of submission to the JARTES.</p> <p><br />Please consider that editor and reviewers invest significant time in the submission. Thus, the submission cannot be withdrawn without the approval of the editorial office during the review, the revision, the production after acceptance, or the publication process.</p> <p><br />The submission is first reviewed by the editorial team. This initial review is completed in one week. If the submission passes the initial review, then the blind review takes about two weeks. The template is not mandatory for articles submitted for review. The template can be used for accepted papers.</p> XALQARO TADQIQOT LLC en-US Journal of Academic Research and Trends in Educational Sciences 2181-2675 <p>All Rights Reserved.</p> ADVANTAGES AND POSSIBILITIES OF USING INTERACTIVE METHODS IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE CLASSES <p>A key element of successful language learning is the creation of a stimulating and interactive learning environment. Nowadays, with the development of technology and the availability of the Internet, many new techniques have appeared aimed at improving the process of learning a language. In this article we will look at the advantages and possibilities of using interactive methods in Russian language classes.</p> Gulandom Juraeva Sabriniso Burieva Copyright (c) 2024 Gulandom Juraeva, Sabriniso Burieva 2024-02-24 2024-02-24 3 1 65 68 THE CRUCIAL ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SKILLS IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATION <p>Preschool education plays a pivotal role in laying the foundation for a child's lifelong learning journey. Among the myriad of skills developed during this critical period, environmental skills stand out as fundamental in fostering a deep understanding and appreciation of the world around us. This article delves into the significance of environmental skills in preschool education, exploring their multifaceted benefits and proposing strategies for their effective integration into early childhood curriculum.</p> Feruza Talipova Copyright (c) 2024 Feruza Talipova 2024-03-01 2024-03-01 3 1 118 123 USE OF A NEW METHODOLOGY IN TEACHING THE UZBEK LANGUAGE TO FOREIGN STUDENTS <p>In teaching the Uzbek language, in addition to traditional methods, modern information and pedagogical technologies are effectively used. This article discusses the organization of classes using non-traditional methods of teaching the Uzbek language.</p> Gulchehra Ganiyeva Copyright (c) 2024 Gulchehra Ganiyeva 2024-02-29 2024-02-29 3 1 114 117 ENSURING COHERENCE AND CONTINUITY IN THE TEACHING OF ENGINEERING GRAPHICS <p>In education, coherence is used in two senses. First, the coherence between the types of education. In this case, the content of the next type of education should not only continue the previous one, but also partially repeat it and continue it in the next type of education, being organically linked in terms of content. Secondly, coherence between academic subjects. This is usually considered interdisciplinary.</p> Raushan Madiyarova Copyright (c) 2024 Raushan Madiyarova 2024-02-29 2024-02-29 3 1 110 113 FORMS AND METHODS OF INDEPENDENT STUDY IN INORGANIC CHEMISTRY <p>In this article, forms and methods of independent study of inorganic chemistry are studied. The article examines the opinions of scientists and analyzes the optimal methodical set.</p> Nodira Mamadaliyeva Copyright (c) 2024 Nodira Mamadaliyeva 2024-02-29 2024-02-29 3 1 103 109 CHANGES IN THE ORAL CAVITY DUE TO DISEASES OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM <p>The oral cavity and the digestive system are closely related, and diseases that affect the digestive system can significantly affect the oral cavity. This article examines the various changes that occur in the oral cavity due to diseases of the digestive system, highlighting the complex interrelationship between the two systems and the need for a comprehensive approach to patient care.</p> Otabek Turaqulov Jasmina Umrullaeva Tulqin Zoyirov Mohira Toshtemirova Copyright (c) 2024 Otabek Turaqulov, Jasmina Umrullaeva, Tulqin Zoyirov, Mohira Toshtemirova 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 3 1 98 102 MAIN SIGNS OF A SUFFERING EMOTIONAL STRESS OF A PERSON DESCRIPTION AND NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES <p>This article from stress suffering of people main signs open to give, as a result of emotional stress surface coming diseases light up given. Also, stress surfaces to arrive for the reason according to types, stress to the body of arrival psychological nature about word held.</p> Dilnoza Obidova Copyright (c) 2024 Dilnoza Obidova 2024-02-26 2024-02-26 3 1 93 97 USE OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING DRAWING GEOMETRY <p>Makes computer training more interesting, reliable and effective, provides a wide opportunity for students to easily use and master the data base in it.</p> Bektursin Urazbaev Copyright (c) 2024 Bektursin Urazbaev 2024-02-26 2024-02-26 3 1 88 92 DIGITAL STABILIZATION PROCESSES OF CERAMIC MATERIALS BASED ON LOCAL RAW MATERIALS PREPARED ON THE BASIS OF A LARGE SOLAR DEVICE <p>In the process of obtaining ceramic materials from local raw materials melted by large solar devices, heat and acid treatment of them shows that X-ray analyzes of its composition differ from each other.</p> A.I. Mustafoev M.O. Mustafoeva M.U. Djalilov B.G. Kodirov Copyright (c) 2024 A.I. Mustafoev, M.O. Mustafoeva, M.U. Djalilov, B.G. Kodirov 2024-02-26 2024-02-26 3 1 81 87 CREATING OVENS RESISTANT TO HIGH TEMPERATURES <p>Nowadays, creating high-temperature furnaces is one of the urgent problems. Furnaces working at a temperature of 1700 <sup>0</sup>C and higher have a disadvantage, and the working chambers are also small. This furnace has a working chamber (450x250x300 mm) and operates at 1700 <sup>0</sup>C.</p> A.I. Mustafoev M.O. Mustafoeva F. Rakhmanova B.G. Kodirov Copyright (c) 2024 A.I. Mustafoev, M.O. Mustafoeva, F. Rakhmanova, B.G. Kodirov 2024-02-26 2024-02-26 3 1 74 80 METHODS OF REDUCING NOX EMITTED INTO THE AIR AT GAS TURBINE THERMAL POWER PLANTS <p>This article examines various methods employed to mitigate nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from gas turbine thermal power plants, aiming to minimize their environmental impact. NOx emissions contribute significantly to air pollution and pose health risks, making their reduction imperative. The study explores different techniques, including combustion modifications, selective catalytic reduction (SCR), and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), among others. Through a comprehensive analysis of these methods, their effectiveness, advantages, and challenges are evaluated. By implementing appropriate NOx reduction strategies, gas turbine thermal power plants can achieve regulatory compliance, enhance environmental sustainability, and safeguard public health.</p> Abdujakhongir Yulyakhshiev Copyright (c) 2024 Abdujakhongir Yulyakhshiev 2024-02-25 2024-02-25 3 1 69 73 THE PHENOMENON OF SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS <p>This article analyzes the methodological issues of researching the problem of subjective well-being, research problems in world psychology, systematic measures and scientific recommendations to improve subjective well-being, modern models of subjective well-being, and directions that are supposed to be explored in the future. The article reveals the philosophical and psychological essence of the problem of subjective well-being with the help of new sources.</p> Haydarbek Hamdamov Copyright (c) 2024 Haydarbek Hamdamov 2024-01-07 2024-01-07 3 1 4 11 USE OF PHOSPHOLIPIDS IN COSMETICS <p>The article discusses the composition and properties of phospholipids and its use with new technologies in cosmetics. Foreign experience in the use of phospholipids has been studied.</p> G‘ulomova Nazokat Copyright (c) 2024 G‘ulomova Nazokat 2024-02-12 2024-02-12 3 1 60 64 IMPROVEMENT OF BUSINESS PROCESSES IN THE DIGITAL ECONOMY <p>Today's world requires radical changes in business. Goods and services that were in demand yesterday remain irrelevant today. Saturated market, high competition, customer demands create the need for digitization and digital transformation of business. The introduction of new technologies is a step towards the future that is coming today. Naturally, the development of each country and ensuring its competitiveness is evaluated by the extent to which modern information-communication and "digital" technologies are introduced into all aspects of society and state life.</p> Kamoldin Abdukholikov Copyright (c) 2024 Kamoldin Abdukholikov 2024-02-12 2024-02-12 3 1 53 59 QUALITIES THAT DETERMINE PERSONALITY MATURITY IN HAFIZ KHOREZMI'S WORK <p>In this article, Hafiz Khorezmi's views on the artistic expression of qualities that determine the perfection of a person are discussed.</p> Sh.Ye. Kurbanova Copyright (c) 2024 Sh.Ye. Kurbanova 2024-02-06 2024-02-06 3 1 48 52 THE WORK OF ZULFIYAKHANIM, THE ARTIST OF HEARTS <p>The article covers the author’s research in the study of Zulfiya's work and her life way.</p> G'ofurova Gavhar Copyright (c) 2024 G'ofurova Gavhar 2024-02-06 2024-02-06 3 1 43 47 ANALYZING THE LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL ASPECTS OF TRANSLATING UZBEK LANGUAGE <p>The focus of this scientific article is on the complexities of translating Uzbek into English, highlighting the significance of linguistic and cultural factors. As a Turkic language spoken in Central Asia, Uzbek presents specific difficulties for translators due to its distinct grammatical structure and cultural subtleties. This article examines linguistic characteristics and cultural contexts, offering illustrative examples to demonstrate effective translation methods. By combining linguistic theories and practical applications, this analysis aims to improve cross-cultural communication.</p> Rushana Ganieva Copyright (c) 2024 Rushana Ganieva 2024-01-26 2024-01-26 3 1 39 42 THE MAIN PECULIARITIES OF EVALUATING STUDENT'S KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL THROUGH A CREDIT MODULE SYSTEM <p>This article explores the main peculiarities of evaluating students' knowledge and skills within the framework of a credit module system. The credit module system has gained prominence in higher education as it offers flexibility and a learner-centered approach. This article delves into the distinctive features of assessing student performance in this system, including the use of credit hours, continuous evaluation, and competency-based assessments. It also discusses the challenges and benefits associated with this approach, providing insights for educators, institutions, and policymakers seeking to enhance the effectiveness of student evaluation in modern higher education.</p> Mavluda Gulyamova Aziza Abdusharipova Copyright (c) 2024 Mavluda Gulyamova, Aziza Abdusharipova 2024-01-24 2024-01-24 3 1 34 37 ASPECTS OF MORPHOLOGY AND HISTOMORPHOMETRY OF THE THYROID GLAND IN WHITE OUTBREED RATS <p>Thyroid pathology is the second most common endocrinopathy after diabetes [1, 2]. The number of patients with temporary and permanent disabilities due to thyroid pathology is increasing [3]. Early diagnosis of morphological changes in thyroid pathologies and increasing the effectiveness of treatment is undoubtedly carried out by knowing the normal parameters of the thyroid gland. In this article, the morphological and histomorphometric characteristics of the thyroid gland of purebred rats were studied.</p> Karimova Muattar Teshaev Shukhrat Copyright (c) 2024 Karimova Muattar , Teshaev Shukhrat 2024-01-19 2024-01-19 3 1 27 33 PECULIARITIES OF ORGANIZATION OF ACCOUNTING IN SMALL BUSINESS ENTITIES <p>This article delves into the distinctive aspects of organizing accounting in small business entities, a critical area often overshadowed by the focus on larger corporations. Unlike their larger counterparts, small businesses face unique challenges and opportunities in accounting due to their limited resources, scale of operations, and regulatory environments. The paper begins by examining the fundamental differences in accounting needs and practices between small and large businesses. It then explores the impact of these differences on financial reporting, tax compliance, and decision-making processes. The article further discusses the role of technology in transforming small business accounting, emphasizing the increasing accessibility of sophisticated accounting software tailored to small business needs. Additionally, the paper addresses the challenges small businesses face in complying with regulatory requirements and how these can be mitigated through effective accounting practices. Lastly, it offers practical recommendations for small business owners and accountants to optimize their accounting systems, thereby enhancing financial transparency and business performance. This analysis is pivotal for small business stakeholders to understand the nuances of small business accounting and harness it for strategic advantage.</p> Z. Kahharov Copyright (c) 2024 Z. Kahharov 2024-01-18 2024-01-18 3 1 22 26 PROTECTION OF RIGHTS AND FURTHER INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF OBJECTS INCLUDED UNDER THE PROTECTION OF UNESCO <p>This article explores the multifaceted challenges and opportunities related to the protection of rights and the innovative development of objects designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It delves into the complexities of balancing preservation with progress, examining the role of international agreements, sustainable tourism, and community involvement in safeguarding these iconic sites. By addressing the intersection of heritage conservation and technological advancements, it highlights the importance of ensuring the continuity of cultural and natural treasures for future generations.</p> Nilufar Sobirova Copyright (c) 2024 Nilufar Sobirova 2024-01-18 2024-01-18 3 1 17 21 PRINCIPLES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF PEDAGOGICAL RESEARCH <p>This article describes the essence and principles of pedagogical research.</p> G.T. Xudayberganova Copyright (c) 2024 G.T. Xudayberganova 2024-01-07 2024-01-07 3 1 12 16